Extending the Controller

CodeIgniter’s core Controller should not be changed, but a default class extension is provided for you at app/Controllers/BaseController.php. Any new controllers you make should extend BaseController to take advantage of preloaded components and any additional functionality you provide:


namespace App\Controllers;

use CodeIgniter\Controller;

class Home extends BaseController
    // ...

Preloading Components

The base controller is a great place to load any helpers, models, libraries, services, etc. that you intend to use every time your project runs. Helpers should be added to the pre-defined $helpers array. For example, if you want the HTML and Text helpers universally available:

protected $helpers = ['html', 'text'];

Any other components to load or data to process should be added to the constructor initController(). For example, if your project uses the Session Library heavily you may want to initiate it here:

public function initController(...)
    // Do Not Edit This Line
    parent::initController($request, $response, $logger);

    $this->session = \Config\Services::session();

Additional Methods

The base controller is not routable (system config routes it to 404 Page Not Found). As an added security measure all new methods you create should be declared as protected or private and only be accessed through the controllers you create that extend BaseController.

Other Options

You may find that you need more than one base controller. You can create new base controllers as long as any other controllers that you make extend the correct base. For example, if your project has an involved public interface and a simple administrative portal you may want to extend BaseController to the public controllers and make AdminController for any administrative controllers.

If you do not want to use the base controller you may bypass it by having your controllers extend the system Controller instead:

class Home extends \CodeIgniter\Controller